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Quercus Alba

Botanical Name:

Quercus alba

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How to Grow
Water
Medium
Water moderately, allowing the top 3cm to dry out between watering.
Sunlight
Partial Shade - Full Sun
~
3-6 hours of sun per day, with protection from intense mid-day sun
Soil
Deep, moist, well-drained, loams & sands. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Acid-based.
Heat Tolerant
yes
Characteristics

Bloom Time

Mar, Apr, May

Plant Type

Trees, Native Plant, Poisonous, Tree

Lifespan

Woody, Perennial

Plant Height

72-100 ft.

Flower

Male flowers are produced as greenish-yellow catkins in pendulous clusters about 2-3½" long. Female flowers are smaller and greenish-red and are few in spikes in axils of emerging leaves. Flowers appear in April., Male catkins 2-4 inches long; female flowers small single spikes., Male flowers are yellow-green, female flowers are reddish green.

Fruit

1/2-1 inch long acorns are elongated and have a shallow cup that covers 1/4 of the nut. The cup is light tan or gray with warty scales. Acorns mature the first year and can be numerous and are a light brown color. Nuts appear from September-November., Acorns annual; 1 - 3 acorns on peduncle up to 1 1/4 inch (32 mm) long, light gray pubescent cup, enclosing 1/4 of the nut; light brown, oblong nut, up to 1 inch (25 mm) long; germinates in the fall after dropping to the ground.

Benefits
Ornamental

Fall conspicuous, Shade tree

Attracts

Birds

Butterflies

Warning

Acorns (seeds of nuts) and young leaves. Low toxicity if eaten. Symptoms include stomach pain, constipation and later bloody diarrhea, excessive thirst and urination.

Taxonomy

Order

Fagales

Family

Fagaceae

Genus

Quercus

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