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Cocos Nucifera

Botanical Name:

Cocos nucifera

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Characteristics

Plant Type

Tree.

Flower

Female flower massive, much larger than the ♂, to 3 cm. in diameter; sepals 3, rounded, imbricate, ± 1.5 cm. wide; petals 3, ± 2.5 m. wide; ovary rounded, to 2.5 cm. in diameter. Male flowers somewhat asymmetric; sepals 3, acute, 2 mm. high and 3.5 mm. wide; petals 3, valvate, rather flat, fleshy, ± 13 mm. long by 4 mm. wide; stamens 6, with erect filaments and narrow elongate anthers to 8 mm. long, ± bifid apically; pistillode trifid.

Fruit

Fruit usually only 1 on each rachilla developing to maturity, massive, with basal persistent calyx and corolla at maturity increasing to 5 cm. long and 7 cm. wide, the whole fruit obovoid, obscurely trigonous, extremely variable; in shape and size, to 25 cm. long by 20 cm. wide or more, usually with only 1 of the 3 carpels developing; mesocarp massive, fibrous; endocarp to 5 mm. thick, extremely hard and woody, with 3 basal ‘eyes’, usually only one functional.

Taxonomy

Order

Arecales

Family

Arecaceae

Genus

Cocos

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