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Celtis Occidentalis

Botanical Name:

Celtis occidentalis

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How to Grow
Water
Low
Water sparingly, allowing the mix to nearly dry out between watering.
Sunlight
Full Sun
6+ hours of direct sun per day
Soil
Rich, moist soils. pH adaptable.
Characteristics

Bloom Time

Mar, Apr, May

Plant Type

Trees, Edible, Native Plant, Shrub, Tree

Lifespan

Woody, Perennial

Plant Height

72-100 ft.

Flower

Insignificant, mostly monoecious, greenish flowers appear in spring (April–May) with male flowers in clusters and female flowers solitary. Regardless of type, flowers are about ¼ inch across and predominately yellowish green; each flower has 4 to 5 oblong sepals connected together at the base. Male flowers also have 4 to 5 stamens with yellowish brown anthers, while female flowers have a green superior ovary that is ovoid in shape and tapers into 2 beaks. Originating from these beaks, is a pair of large brownish stigmata. Individual perfect flowers have both a superior ovary with a pair of stigmata and 4-5 stamens.

Fruit

Female flowers give way to an often abundant fruit crop of round fleshy berry-like drupes maturing to deep purple. Each drupe has one round brown seed within. Birds consume the fruits and disperse the seeds. The globular fruit is borne singly on stems 1/2 to 3/4 of an inch long. It ripens in September, but often remains on the tree through the winter., Purple, Red

Benefits
Attracts

Birds

Butterflies

Taxonomy

Order

Rosales

Family

Cannabaceae

Genus

Celtus

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